Helping Your Community Create Pre-Arrest Diversion (Civil Citation) Programs: An Effective Alternative to Arrest

The Civil Citation Diversion & Deflection Network helps communities and local leaders identify, design, implement and measure pre-arrest diversion programs for adults and juveniles, an effective, modern criminal justice solution.


PTACC 2024 International Deflection and Pre-Arrest Diversion Summit- Event and Hotel Registration, Register by 9/30 before Rate Increase!

Ms. Duncan is the Chair of the Summit, and is excited to announce that PTACC's Summit Planning is going well and this will be another great event this year! Register for the event before the rate goes up 9/30 and book your hotel room, too! Both are held at the same location. More info on the Summit webpage!  

Register here

CCDDN's Juvenile DPAD Fact Sheet!

In this fact sheet, CCDDN provides at a glance important information about juvenile deflection and pre-arrest diversion!

Read here!

Check out CCDDN's Newest Newsletter under Newsworthy and CCDDN Authored Articles!

Contact us to add your program to our program and initiatives directory maps!

The Civil Citation Diversion & Deflection Network (CCDDN) is a nonprofit entity with the goal of promoting the expansion of both juvenile and adult pre-arrest diversion programs. The Civil Citation Diversion & Deflection Network was created after the success of both juvenile and adult pre-arrest diversion programs in Leon County, Florida.

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What is Pre-Arrest Diversion

Pre-arrest diversion (PAD) programs, also known as civil citation and by other names, are an innovative front end community response on how to handle low level offenses, often accompanied by behavioral health issues. These programs provide efficient and effective responses to low-level crime, and while growing nationally and internationally, are still currently underutilized.

With PAD programs, rather than arresting the individual, the law enforcement officer has the discretion to issue a referral to the civil citation program. This approach reduces the collateral consequences of an arrest for the individual, supports and builds community policing initiatives, and offers an opportunity to link these individuals with services, including substance use disorder treatment and mental health care, which assists the individual on a new behavioral pathway. Those who qualify and successfully complete a pre-arrest diversion program have the benefit of not having an arrest record. These programs assure public safety by assessing and engaging the individual in consequences for their behavior such as intervention services, educational sessions and/or community service.

How Does Pre-Arrest Diversion Work?

Pre-arrest diversion programs, also known as civil citation programs and other names, have one unifying purpose – providing individual accountability through an alternative to arrest for low-level criminal offenses. Whether for juveniles or adults, there are five key components to a comprehensive pre-arrest diversion program:

More about How it works

Model Programs

Whether you're looking into developing, implementing or improving program outcomes for Pre-Arrest Diversion, CCDDN is there to help you! Provided here are two examples of best practice model programs for adults and juveniles, complete with all five components.

Pre-Arrest Diversion for Adults – A Model Program

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Pre-Arrest Diversion for Juveniles – A Model Program

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Chief of Police Dan Meloy (Ohio)
As a Chief of Police, I am often asked, “Why does law enforcement commit officers and resources to support deflection and pre-arrest diversion efforts?” My answer is simple... Law Enforcement, and many of our agencies’ “Mission” and “Value” statements, make statements that commit our agencies and officers to provide unbiased service and/or positively impact those they may encounter at various stages of their lives. Additionally, my agency’s “Code of Ethics” reminds officers of two significant responsibilities associated with our service as an officer. “Service above self,” and “Self-sacrificing service.” These two “standards” should never be taken lightly and ensure our commitment to a higher standard. Deflection and pre-arrest diversion efforts allow law enforcement to demonstrate that we can meet those ethical standards.
LE Officer James-(Florida)
"The Civil Citation program is a unique tool in the community to effectively enforce the law without permanently labeling an individual as a criminal."
Juvenile Civil Citation Graduate
"Hanging out with friends, I made a bad choice resulting in a minor offense. I am so grateful for the Civil Citation program because I did not have an arrest on my record. I was admitted to a University Law School with the entirety of my tuition paid for. I worked in the judicial chambers for a Court of Appeals judge. Now I am about to graduate from law school. And this fall, I will be in a courtroom litigating."

Pre-Arrest Diversion Programs

This interactive national directory for both adult and juvenile programs demonstrates the wide-spread growth of pre-arrest program across the United States. By clicking on the map or the corresponding list of states below, you can see what activities are happening in these areas.


Check back for additional resources as new materials continue to be added!


In this section, we have provided links to model legislation that will assist you in developing pre-arrest legislation in your jurisdiction.
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Toolkits and Related Resources

Links to helpful toolkits and related information are available in this section as you develop and implement your pre-arrest diversion program.
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Adult Resources

A number of resources for adult pre-arrest diversion programs are available here providing comprehensive information on the need and value of such programs.
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Juvenile Resources

A list of resources for juvenile pre-arrest diversion programs are provided here with detailed information on the need and value of such programs.
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