Civil Citation Network's Ms. Duncan's Newest Article! (And New! World Directory Up!)
Benefits of Deflection (Pre-Arrest Diversion) for Criminal Justice and Communities
In this article, Peria Duncan discusses the many benefits of deflection for criminal justice systems and communities.
Barriers, Challenges, Solutions and Outcomes to Implementation of Pre-Arrest Diversion.
This article by Peria Duncan, M.A. and Dr. Al Kopak, Ph.D. discusses the barriers and challenges of deflection and pre-arrest diversion initiatives and programs, as well as solutions and outcomes for success.
The Civil Citation Network (CCN) is a nonprofit entity with the goal of promoting the expansion of both juvenile and adult pre-arrest diversion programs. The Civil Citation Network was created after the success of both juvenile and adult pre-arrest diversion programs in Leon County, Florida.
What is Pre-Arrest Diversion
Pre-arrest diversion (PAD) programs, also known as civil citation and by other names, are an innovative front end community response on how to handle low level offenses, often accompanied by behavioral health issues. These programs provide efficient and effective responses to low-level crime, and while growing nationally and internationally, are still currently underutilized.
With PAD programs, rather than arresting the individual, the law enforcement officer has the discretion to issue a referral to the civil citation program. This approach reduces the collateral consequences of an arrest for the individual, supports and builds community policing initiatives, and offers an opportunity to link these individuals with services, including substance use disorder treatment and mental health care, which assists the individual on a new behavioral pathway. Those who qualify and successfully complete a pre-arrest diversion program have the benefit of not having an arrest record. These programs assure public safety by assessing and engaging the individual in consequences for their behavior such as intervention services, educational sessions and/or community service.
How Does Pre-Arrest Diversion Work?
Pre-arrest diversion programs, also known as civil citation programs and other names, have one unifying purpose – providing individual accountability through an alternative to arrest for low-level criminal offenses. Whether for juveniles or adults, there are five key components to a comprehensive pre-arrest diversion program:
Whether you're looking into developing, implementing or improving program outcomes for Pre-Arrest Diversion, CCN is there to help you! Provided here are two examples of best practice model programs for adults and juveniles, complete with all five components.
Pre-Arrest Diversion for Adults – A Model ProgramLearn more
Pre-Arrest Diversion for Juveniles – A Model ProgramLearn more
Pre-Arrest Diversion Programs
Check back for additional resources as new materials continue to be added!